1810 royal Wedding
At the beginning was a wedding. On 12 October 1810 the Bavarian Crown Prinz Ludwig, future King Ludwig I of Bavaria (1786-1868, r. 1825-1848), wed Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen (1792-1854).
The wedding was scheduled a year after the Bavarian rulers quelled an uprising in their recently conquered Tyrol territory.
The wedding was used as a rare public celebration to unite disparate Bavarian provinces. About 40,000 citizens joined the public festival held on fields outside Sendlinger Tor, Munich’s southern city gate.
The wedding was followed by several days of celebrations culminating with the horse race on October 17, outside the gates of the residential city of Munich.
This horse race, from then on would be repeated every year, and formed the origins of today’s Oktoberfest.
Sources Referenced: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek and Bavarikon