Temperance was a social movement in the 19th and early 20th centuries that advocated for the reduction or elimination of alcohol consumption. It was a response to the widespread alcohol abuse and its negative social consequences, including family violence, poverty, and illness. The temperance movement was not only a moral campaign but also a political one.
Prohibition, also known as the Prohibition Era, was a period of time in American history where the manufacturing, transportation, and sale of alcohol were prohibited. The era lasted from 1920 to 1933 and was enacted through the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which was ratified in 1919.